The future of electronics is to be found at the crossroads of nanochemistry and nanoelectronics
In recent years, work has focused on processes for synthesizing nanomaterials and their organization to obtain specific properties. This opens the way for applications such as sensors, actuators and a wide range of components such as memories or hybrid components for spintronics. This field also develops components based on carbon nanotubes, graphene, quantum dots and semiconductor nanowires, as well as various molecules and polymers that are electro or photo-active at the submicron scale.
Aspects concerning predictive simulation, architectures, integration, synthesis of single molecules, self-assembly and functionalization are essential for research not only on post-CMOS electronics (and particularly molecular electronics), and complementary electronics (“more than Moore”, with its sensing, NEMS, RF and spintronic functions), but also soft or organic electronics via applications such as OLED flat screens, RFID tags, electronic paper, photovoltaic cells and sensors.
Several GIANT teams are working in these areas. They bring together two fields that are relatively distinct both from an economic and application point of view, that of microelectronics and the emerging field of organic electronics. Carbon nanotubes, nanowires, oligomers, graphene and molecules all have major potential for future discoveries and innovation in Information and Communication Technology (ICT).