GIANT laboratories and institutes are major contributors to research in European and international micro and nanoelectronics. They participate in numerous European nanoscience projects, such as STREP Atomic Functionalities on Silicon Devices. They also work collaboratively with industrial companies, such as STMicroelectronics, IBM, SOITEC, Infineon, Quimonda, and NXP.
GIANT members focus on cutting-edge research such as ultimate CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor), CMOS diversification and post-CMOS nanoelectronics. Research in these three fields is driven by miniaturization of basic components, increasing chip performance and developing new functions on new materials or component concepts beyond standard CMOS techniques.
Research activities benefit from partnerships between GIANT members and industrial semiconductor companies in the Grenoble region, including STMicroelectronics and SOITEC. The research teams concentrate primarily on the development of 32 nm, 22 nm and sub 22 nm technologies. Work covers processes for lithography, etching, deposition and ionic implantation that are used to manufacture new logic devices and memories, as well as modeling, simulation and electric characterization of new architectures for advanced CMOS components in the field of ultra-thin film silicon.
Teams are also working on micro and nanosystems, embedded memories and layer transfer technologies, with potential applications in electronics, the automobile industry, energy, biotechnologies, security and defence, smart cards and mass-market retailing.
For post-CMOS nanoelectronics, GIANT laboratories and institutes have launched efforts to achieve breakthroughs in materials or logic-gate mechanisms, logic functions and memories (nanowires, nanodots, etc.) and granular or quantum coding of information. They are also exploring new fields of nanoelectronics which use quantum bits as the basic unit and are looking into hybrid superconducting systems, using carbon nanotubes, graphene or magnetic components.